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Dr. Barbara A. Schaefer

Dr. Barbara A. Schaefer
Phone: 8148651953
Office Address:
104 CEDAR Building
University Park, PA 16802
Campus: University Park


Associate Professor of Education (Educational and School Psychology)


Educational Psychology, Counseling, and Special Education


CEDAR Clinic


School Psychology


Dr. Schaefer is an Associate Professor of Education at Penn State and the Director of Training for the Graduate Program in School Psychology. Her research interests are in educational and behavioral assessment, learning behaviors, gender and cultural differences, and instrument development/scaling. She teaches graduate seminars on intellectual assessment and school-based interventions, as well as an multidisciplinary undergraduate honors course on child development from a global perspective. She is a licensed psychologist and certified school psychologist who supervises in the CEDAR School Psychology Clinic which provides psychoeducational evaluations for children and youth with academic or behavioral difficulties. She serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment and the International Journal of School & Educational Psychology, and is a trainer for the National Association of School Psychologists' PREPaRE School Crisis Prevention and Intervention workshops.

Areas of Expertise

Age Levels

Early Childhood

Educational Psychology, Counseling, and Special Education

Clinical Mental Health Counseling
Clinical Supervision
School Psychology

Education Levels

Early Childhood
Middle School/Junior High
Secondary/High School

Educational Studies

International Ed

Individual Difference

Health Issues
Human Development


Learning Assessment

Methodological Research

Quantitative Research

Social Issues

Race and Ethnicity

Teacher Preparation

Professional Development

Representative Publications

Hamlet, H. S., Schaefer, B. A., Herrick, M., & Rai, R. (2015). Approaches to learning among school-aged youth in Nepal: Factor structure of Learning Behaviors Scale scores. Research in Comparative & International Education, 10, 300-313. doi:10.1177/1745499915576175

Ortiz, A., Clinton, A., & Schaefer, B. A. (2015). Construct Validity Evidence for Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition Spanish Form Scores. Psychology in the Schools, 52, 208-221. doi:10.1002/pits.21816

The MAL-ED Network Investigators. (2014). The MAL-ED Study: A multinational and interdisciplinary approach to understand the relationship between enteric pathogens, malnutrition, gut physiology, physical growth, cognitive development, and immune responses in infants and children up to 2 years of age in resource-poor environments. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 59(S4): S193-S206. doi:10.1093/cid/ciu653

Pendergast, L. L., Scharf, R. J., Rasmussen, Z. A., Seidman, J. C., Schaefer, B. A., Svensen, E., Tofail, F., Koshy, B.,  Kosek, M., Rasheed, M. A., Roshan, R., Maphula, A., Shrestha, R., Murray-Kolb, L. M., & The MAL-ED Network Investigators. (2014). Postpartum depressive symptoms across time and place: Structural invariance of the Self-Reporting Questionnaire among women from seven international sites. Journal of Affective Disorders, 167, 178-186. doi:10.1016/j.jad.2014.05.039

Pendergast, L. L., Vandiver, B. J., Schaefer, B. A., Cole, P. M., Murray-Kolb, L. E., & Christian, P. (2014). Factor structure of scores from the Conners’ Rating Scales–Revised among Nepali children. International Journal of Educational and School Psychology, 4, 261-270. doi:10.1080/21683603.2013.878678

Bogue, E. L., DeThorne, L. S., & Schaefer, B. A. (2014). A psychometric analysis of childhood vocabulary tests. Contemporary Issues in Communication Science and Disorders, 41, 55-69. 

Shah, M., & Schaefer, B. A. (2013). Reliability of Bracken School Readiness Assessment, Third Edition scores with young children in Mumbai, India. International Journal of Educational and School Psychology, 1, 58-66. doi:10.1080/21683603.2013.782595.

Murray-Kolb, L. E., Khatry, S. K., Katz, J., Schaefer, B. A., Cole, P. M., LeClerq, S., Tielsch, J. M., & Christian, P. (2012). Preschool micronutrient supplementation effects on intellectual and motor function in school-age Nepalese children. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 166, 404-410.

Meyer, E. L., Schaefer, B. A., Soto, C. M., Simmons, C. S., Anguiano, R., Brett, J., . . . Worrell, F. C. (2011). Factor structure of Child Behavior Scale scores in Peruvian preschoolers. Psychology in the Schools, 48, 931-942. doi:10.1002/pits.20596

Christian, P., Morgan, M. E., Murray-Kolb, L., LeClerq, S. C., Khatry, S. K., Schaefer, B., Cole, P. M., Katz, J., & Tielsch, J. M. (2011). Preschool iron-folic acid and zinc supplementation in children exposed to iron-folic acid in utero confers no added cognitive benefit in early school-age. Journal of Nutrition, 141, 2042-2048. doi: 10.3945/jn.111.146480

Hamlet, H. S., Gregar, P., & Schaefer, B. A. (2011). Students living with chronic illness: The school counselor’s role. Professional School Counseling, 14, 202-210.

Christian, P., Murray-Kolb, L. E., Khatry, S. K., Katz, J., Schaefer, B. A., Cole, P. M., LeClerq, S. C., & Tielsch, J. M. (2010). Prenatal micronutrient supplementation and intellectual and motor function in early school-aged children in Nepal. Journal of the American Medical Association, 304, 2716-2723. doi:10.1001/jama.2010.1861